Neoclassical Growth Model – Intersindical RTVV Thu, 13 Jan 2022 06:44:13 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Neoclassical Growth Model – Intersindical RTVV 32 32 Discovery of Native American artifacts from 10,000 years ago Tue, 11 Jan 2022 22:05:32 +0000

In 2019, archaeologists began unearthing a slew of artifacts 14 miles northwest of Hartford in Avon, Connecticut. The 15,000 artifacts were proof that the Paleo Indians were the first settlers in Connecticut more than 10,000 years ago.

According to, the Templeton Paleo-Indian site, located on a terrace of the Shepaug River in Washington, Connecticut, is the oldest site at 11,190 years old.

10,490 years ago, the site of Templeton in Washington, CT looked very different than it does today. Early settlers in this area are said to have shared the landscape with megafauna such as giant wolves, mastodons, mammoths, giant beavers, and other extinct species. Unfortunately, no Paleo-Indian artifacts from Connecticut have been associated with the remains of these animals.

Noted archaeologist David Leslie of the Archaeological and Historical Services (AHS) supervised the excavation. After three months in the winter of 2019, his team had unearthed 15,000 artifacts, a hearth and postholes. Most artifacts are stone tools or debris from the creation of the tools.

I have always been fascinated by the history of the first Native Americans. Paleo-Indians took advantage of resources along rivers and streams such as the Templeton site in Washington, CT, on the Shepaug River. They used a wide range of stone tools in hunting, gathering, fishing, woodworking and ceremonial.

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When industrial policy meets African political realities: lessons from Uganda Mon, 10 Jan 2022 13:28:26 +0000

Since the global financial crisis of 2008/2009, industrial policy has been widely celebrated as having returned to fashion. Joseph Stiglitz, Justin Yifu Lin and Célestin Monga argued in 2013 that governments around the world were increasingly protecting industries to diversify their economies, heralding the rise of industrial policy on a global scale.

There has also been a proliferation of industrial policy research in Africa over the past decade. These range from comparative case studies to single country case studies.

One of the goals of the research has been political constraints on industrial policy, blaming a singular villain: government corruption. This portrays politics as “evil,” politicians rarely being at fault. Yet the experiences of all successful industrialized countries tell us that policy experimentation, rather than replication, has worked better.

It remains to be seen whether the “new” industrial policy should conform to the market or challenge the market. Proponents of market compliance argue that countries should not experiment with investing in sectors too far removed from their comparative advantage. Market-defying optimists argue that the all-time high shows countries like South Korea have managed to pick winners in sectors far enough from their comparative advantage.

Industrial policy regimes

Four industrial policy regimes have been applied in most African countries at different times since independence.

The first was import substitution. These are trade and industrial policies that encourage domestic production to reduce dependence on foreign imports.

The second is a market driven regime. Policies here ranged from currency devaluation, privatization, trade liberalization to financial sector liberalization. This regime has resulted in a decisive transfer of power from “spending ministries” to “budget ministries”.

The third regime was export-oriented industrial policy. It has been dominant for the past two or three decades. It has been most visible through the Special Economic Zones and the encouragement of businesses in Africa to connect to high-end global markets. This link was most pronounced in the clothing industry.

The fourth regime was nationally oriented industrial policy. It has become more and more visible over the past decade. It involves the protection of national producers and recourse to public markets. Public procurement is used to encourage national consumption of locally purchased goods (through Made In campaigns).

Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya recently increased import duties on used clothing and subsequently banned their imports. Other African countries have used public procurement to secure domestic markets. They include South Africa, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and [Ghana](,the%20Made%20in%20Ghana%20campaign)

Industrial policies looking outward and inward have been reproduced in several African countries. Examples include Uganda and Rwanda. This has sometimes been done without adapting these policies to local political constraints.

In a new article, I examine how this replication took place in Uganda. I also examine the challenges associated with failure to adapt policies to local political realities.

Rwanda has implemented similar policies to which the government of President Paul Kagame has remained committed. The government of Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, on the other hand, has faltered.

I couldn’t wait to understand why.

The article argues for a more historical understanding of industrial policy. The objective is to better understand the contemporary constraints in specific sectors.

Ugandan clothing sector

The case of Uganda shows how national coalitions, for example, with technical support from international financial institutions, can hamper policy implementation. These coalitions have hampered both the Buy Uganda strategy, the Build Uganda strategy and the attempt to increase tariffs on used clothing.

When Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda proposed a ban (or an increase in tariffs) on imports of used clothing, the United States threatened to withdraw its preferential market through the African Growth and Opportunity Act. .

This shows the first of two problems with bilateral trade treaties. The first is that they limit a country’s ability to adopt policies that focus on the domestic market and prioritize exports. In addition, the export-first industrial policy has empowered foreign companies, which depend on preferential market access through bilateral treaties.

This has certainly been the case in Uganda.

The Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank led the charge against the country-oriented industrial policy. They have consistently publicly expressed their dissent against country-oriented industrial policies. And the comparatively weaker Ministry of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives has struggled to adopt industrial policies.

It has become common practice to analyze the constraints of industrial policy by examining the technical (industrial policy instruments) or transient (how the powerful oppose it) costs. However, historical analysis highlights two other essential constraints. The first is whether the balance of power within ministries has shifted towards budget ministries, favoring limited waste.

Yet if experimentation is at the heart of a successful industrial policy, waste would be inevitable.

The second constraint concerns the existence of an intellectual space to think about how politics can shape the possibilities rather than just being a hindrance. The pursuit of pluralistic policies in Africa is hampered by the predominance of neoclassical economics in universities and budget ministries. This means that there is little room to challenge market-induced assumptions associated with the policies of multilateral financial institutions.

This is why there has been little adoption of country-oriented industrial policies in Uganda. The Ugandan government continues to prioritize supporting export-oriented businesses. And the current domestic political environment does not make it possible to support companies that produce for the internal market.

Currency constraint

Most of the former colonies depended on commodity exports after independence, leaving them vulnerable to fluctuations in commodity prices. But trying to reverse this has proven difficult. Indeed, a reduction in commodity exports to boost domestic manufacturing can lead to foreign exchange shortages. In turn, this makes it difficult to pay for imports.

Most African countries are still constrained today by this challenge.

With many African countries facing a loss of exports and a shortage of foreign exchange, they could become even more dependent on foreign funding. In this political space, it remains to be seen whether there will be any possibilities for experimentation with industrial policy.

December Fed Meeting Report | In search of the alpha Fri, 07 Jan 2022 14:03:00 +0000

Evgeny Gromov / iStock via Getty Images

The minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting on December 14 and 15 have been released, and the apparent hawkish trend has at least temporarily caused a daze in sparkling risk markets. From my perspective, there weren’t a lot of surprises in there, but I don’t give too much importance to the micro-Fed watch. No matter what they think they will be doing in December 2021, what they will do in June 2022 depends on the data released by then. This article contains probably obvious comments on the outlook, as well as theoretical rants about the underlying framework.

Falcon flip

The comments I have seen focus on the FOMC committee members, apparently in the process of shifting from a more accommodating position. It is hardly surprising. Central banks have the luxury of reacting to the released data, and various inflation measures have continued to surprise the high side.

While I like to take punches against central bankers, I can’t really fault them for this pivot. I’m not a forecaster, but if I had been, I probably would have been wrong about the trajectories of the various inflation measures in the second half of 2021. Although some shortages (and / or opportunistic price hikes from oligopolies) were Predictably, inflation metrics remained more cheerful than I expected. The pandemic has disrupted working methods and certain groups of workers have stronger bargaining power than before.

Looking ahead, the question is to what extent the economy returns to pre-pandemic trends. I’m not quite sure what the vibe is elsewhere, but Quebec has reinstated a curfew and other restrictions (bye-bye curling). Even with a high vaccination rate, life did not return to normal. The Omicron wave may turn off quickly (as it seems to have been in other places), but it still slows down the activity.

Yes for an optimal policy analysis!

The best description of the Fed’s policy process is that they react to historical inflation and growth data, and attempt to manage the sentiments of manic-depressive financial market commentators.

We are far from neoclassical academic conceptions of monetary policy. Central bankers strive for optimal results in a game where they know the effects of policy on the economy. So all obscure assumptions whether they target the average inflation, or whatever.

The problem facing neoclassical macros is that they live in the academic model of publication or destruction. This model does not handle resolved issues well. And if we accept the neoclassical assumptions, monetary policy is a problem solved.

  • Neoclassicals assume that raising the policy rate will reduce inflation. This is built into the models, so the empirical analysis simply attempts to find the parameter values ​​for the assumed model.
  • Other ways to control inflation – including price controls1 – are not taken into account.
  • There is great uncertainty in practice as to the effects of monetary policy, as well as the outlook for the economy. To what extent models have “solved” these problems, they exploded as soon as something broke out of previous trends.
  • There is even considerable uncertainty about how to measure key aggregate values, such as “inflation”.

Control theory offers us a simple answer to this situation: faced with the extreme uncertainty of the model, you have to stick to simple control rules. Raising rates when “inflation” is “too high” (assuming you believe the conventional history of interest rates) is such a simple rule. Any attempt to go beyond that – especially optimization – requires too much certainty in the structure of the model. Optimality conditions are particularly pernicious because they rely on taking an extreme result of a certain model.

However, to admit that the central bank follows such a rule would mean that central bank researchers would have to forgo writing academic papers. Given the institutional incentives, this will not happen. Fortunately for the rest of us, it’s safe to ignore this release, as we know the issue has already been (allegedly) fixed.

Quantitative tightening

The funniest part of the minutes for me was reading how the brains of the Fed struggled with their balance sheet politics.

  • They constantly referred to the policy of “normalization” in the minutes. (My quick tally found 26 mentions of “normal” or “normalization” in the text.) I hate to rain down on people’s parades here, but for a 25-year-old trader, the last time the Fed would have had a The normal check-up policy was when they were in elementary school. Having an inflated balance is the ‘new normal’.
  • They have no idea what the expansion of the Fed’s balance sheet is doing to the economy. The effect of interest rates on the economy is infinitely clearer to them – and even then, heterodox economists are wondering. At best, big balance sheet proponents end up posting charts of the Fed’s balance sheet against the S&P 500, placing them in the prestigious intellectual company of the Austrians on the Internet. Their own mathematical theories would tell them the effects would be negligible.
  • Changing the balance sheet is difficult to do quickly. In fact, probably slower than fiscal policy. And of course, neoclassicals reject the use of fiscal policy as a stabilization tool because it moves slowly.

Either way, given that the Fed’s policy is now to cut rates to zero and then buy tons of bonds every time there is a crisis / recession, readers might as well s ‘get used to this debate.

1 There has been an ongoing debate on the Twitter economy about price controls. I have largely ignored this debate on a very bloody basis: There is no prospect of a political party imposing price controls without something else drastically changing in the economy. I know there are a lot of MMT supporters who are supporters of price controls, but I’m not really on that side. If we need full mobilization of societal resources for a task, of course. But beyond that, if you need to implement price controls to support another policy, you really need to educate yourself about the implementation of that other policy. In the context of the debate in the United States, it appears that enforcing antitrust laws in the spirit of decades ago could solve much of the “price hikes” that have arisen.

Original message

Editor’s Note: The bullet points for this article were chosen by the editors of Seeking Alpha.

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Rush Pinball Machine Coming Soon To Make You An Arcade Tom Sawyer Wed, 29 Dec 2021 14:44:53 +0000

A rush pinball machine based on classic Canadian progressive rock heroes has been on its way from Stern Pinball, as a recent teaser video from the game creator revealed.

This means that fans of Rush in vintage games will soon be able to roll their bones with the caress of a steel ball. Just like an anachronistic, arcade-living Tom Sawyer.

In the teaser, Rush titles like “Bastille Day”, “Fly by Night”, “Limelight” and “Working Man” appear on the screen, indicating the songs that will likely be used in the game.

Watch the video towards the bottom of this article.

Rush, who formed in 1968 and released 19 studio albums during their life together, ceased performing in 2018. Drummer Neil Peart died of brain cancer two years later. Earlier this year, guitarist Alex Lifeson said he was probably done with many tours. Bassist-singer Geddy Lee began his memoir.

This month, a collaborative song emerged with Lifeson featuring Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello and Metallica shredder Kirk Hammett. In October, the Ohio State University Marching Band honored Rush’s music at a football game.

Stern Pinball is linked with 1970s and 1980s arcade game company Stern Electronics and has previously released pinball machines based on bands such as AC / DC, Iron Maiden, KISS, Led Zeppelin, and Metallica, as well as games for the movies. , television and more. .

No pricing or product images have yet been released for the Rush machine. But to give you an idea, Stern’s recent Star wars game sold for $ 4,599 each.

Rush pinball teaser video

The “Big 4” of the 17 metallic subgenres

Everyone knows the “Big 4” of thrash metal, but what about other styles of metal?

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Dave Mustaine shares music video for Megadeth’s new song “Life in Hell” Mon, 27 Dec 2021 20:35:56 +0000

Megadeth fans have heard about the promise of a 2016 follow-up Dystopia for a few years now. Some clips from the studio emerged early in the writing and recording sessions and now Dave Mustaine has another treat for everyone ahead of the 2021 expiration – an audio clip of the new song “Life in Hell”.

Earlier this year, Mustaine announced that he had joined Cameo – a video service where celebrities can be paid to deliver personalized messages to a requested party – and he has successfully used it as a vessel for viral updates. and tactics on the new Megadeth record, titled The sick, the dying and the dead.

One lucky Cameo recipient – Gabe – got even more than expected as Mustaine opted to share a teaser clip from the upcoming album. “I think that makes you the first person in the outside world – outside of the studio, the band and my family – to have heard music from the new album,” the Megadeth frontman said after 12 seconds of “ Life in Hell “. .

And how does that sound? It’s not really fair to judge an unreleased album based on 12 seconds of music, but hey … it sounds like Megadeth! Mustaine has one of the most distinct styles of riffing in all of metal and there is no confusion between thrash legends and the rest.

Listen to a bit of “Life in Hell”, which Mustaine revealed second in the track listing, in the video below and search for The sick, the dying and the dead hopefully to be released in the spring of next year.

Dave Mustaine shares music video for Megadeth’s new song “Life in Hell”

The “Big 4” of the 17 metallic sub-genres

Everyone knows the “Big 4” of thrash metal, but what about other styles of metal?

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Anwar Shaikh, professor of economics, wins Yicai-JP Morgan Financial Books of the Year award Thu, 23 Dec 2021 21:47:41 +0000

Anwar Shaikh, professor of economics, wins Yicai-JP Morgan Financial Books of the Year award

The Yicai-JP Morgan Financial Books of the Year has become China’s most recognized list of financial publications, honoring works of extraordinary practical importance that are must-read for policymakers, regulators and financial professionals. . Recently, Anwar Shaikh, professor of economics, received the 2021 Financial Book of the Year award for the Chinese edition of his book. Capitalism: Competition, Conflict, Crises. Shaikh, along with the other winning authors, were honored at an awards ceremony on December 2, 2021.

In Capitalism, Shaikh demonstrates that most of the central propositions of economic analysis can be derived without any reference to standard devices such as hyperrationality, optimization or perfect competition. This perspective allows him to take a fresh look at practically all the elements of economic analysis: the laws of supply and demand, the determination of wage and profit rates, technological development, relative prices, interest rates, bond and stock prices, exchange rates, conditions and the trade balance, growth, unemployment, inflation and long booms culminating in recurrent general crises. Shaikh’s innovative theory is applied to modern empirical models and contrasted with neoclassical, Keynesian and post-Keynesian approaches to the same problems. His object of analysis is the economics of capitalism, and he explores the subject in this expansive light.

The Yicai-JP Morgan Financial Books of the Year was established in 2009 to recognize outstanding works written in Chinese and English that provide crucial insight into the development of the global economy. Winning titles are selected through a rigorous process of recommendations, public votes, and committee reviews measured against the criteria of global perspective, insight and foresight. Yicai Media Group is China’s largest financial media conglomerate, with the widest variety of media divisions including TV, newspapers, magazines, websites, mobile apps, and a group of professional service institutes. JP Morgan is a global leader in financial services, providing solutions to the world’s largest businesses, governments and institutions in more than 100 countries.

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It’s time to say goodbye to rigid doctrines for Turkey Tue, 21 Dec 2021 21:05:00 +0000

With the coronavirus pandemic, major players in the global economy have learned that strict market and trade rules are no longer possible.

Since the late 1990s, the orthodox neoliberal approach, known as the “mainstream” by respected names in economics such as Joseph Stiglitz and Paul Krugman, has been questioned in detail. The understanding itself accepts dogmatically the whole of the relations between production and trade and finance and the mechanism of functioning of the markets. It first caused the Great Depression of 1929 and then sent the second shock wave through the world economy during the 2008 global financial crisis. This situation made the economics course more boring for the new generation. due to the imposition of the teachings of the neoclassical and neoliberal view as a rigid doctrine.

One of the most significant handicaps of the orthodox neoliberal approach is that it is an “advanced economics” approach. For this reason, trying to dictate an understanding of neoliberal orthodoxy to major emerging economies such as Turkey, especially in the order of the complex and multi-layered economic and political relations of the 21st century, is a subject of strong criticism around the world. university.

Global economics and politics between 2020 and 2030 are going through a new ‘design process’. In such a period, under the leadership of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, a new economic roadmap, which builds on the “green development revolution” and challenges and destroys the “rigid doctrine” of the neoliberal orthodox approach , is of vital importance in terms of sustainable growth, production, employment and export strategies of the Turkish economy.

Not only developing countries but also developed countries have faced major changes in their economic structures between the 19th and 21st centuries. Neoliberal orthodox understanding, however, did not provide solutions and even worsened the effects of the crises of 1929 and 2008. The primary and secondary effects caused by cost inflation in the world economy are now being discussed. Turkey seeking to create on its own a new unorthodox, non-stereotypical and non-rigid economic roadmap is a projection of research that is already being seen in the global economy.

For this reason, it is vitally important to make new, more effective tools available to Turkish economic policymakers and savers, instead of the rigid monetary and fiscal policy approaches and tools dictated by orthodox understanding.

The fact that the savings of $ 1.75 billion (TL 22.55 billion) were destroyed in a single day and the savings transferred into Turkish lira confirms that the new business model and the new deal announced by Erdoğan have been widely accepted by the public. Pulling Turkey out of the interest rate vortex, focusing on a sustainable competitive route of production-investment-jobs-export, and as an important player in the global supply chain, Turkey holds a share of 1 , 5% in world trade and world gross domestic product (GDP). The green development revolution, which is at the center of the new roadmap, is to consolidate Turkey’s position as a key player in the global eco-political environment.

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Protest art by Andrea Bowers at the MCA Sun, 19 Dec 2021 20:56:00 +0000

Scattered throughout the exhibition are drawings of individuals, based on photographs Bowers took over many years of participating in political marches. The images are small and meticulous, and they float on their own on large sheets of white paper, allowing people and their signage to stand out in a way they can’t in a crowd. Respectful and attentive, moving in their humanity, the images are also disturbing in their elision of collective action and solidarity which are an integral part of the protest. This focus on the individual returns in Bowers’ video portraits of activists such as Malian singer Fantani Touré, who campaigned against female circumcision, environmental provocateur Tim DeChristopher and Emma Goldman, the anarchist and pioneer of free love. In their engagement, power, and eccentricity, each of these subjects is a fascinating study. Less Bowers herself, who walks past the camera for a nonviolent forest defense training session with veteran John Quigley and, a few years later, is arrested along with Quigley and two other activists in a failed effort to protect a grove of ancient trees in Arcadia. There’s a spooky design of her photo ID and a “radical feminist pirate ship tree seating platform,” which looks silly and youthful rather than strong and impressive. But there is also a breathtaking elegy to the grove, which was ultimately clear cut: a majestic neon green paracord chandelier from which still scent remnants of woodchips hang.

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Missoula and Kalispell school board members defend Elsie Arntzen Wed, 15 Dec 2021 22:14:45 +0000

After all of the Montana AA School superintendents sent a letter expressing “no confidence” to OPI Superintendent of Public Education Elsie Arntzen, the KGVO was contacted by members of the school boards of the United States. AA to Missoula and Kalispell questioning the purpose of the letter.

We support the letter from Arntzen

Michael Gehl is a Trustee of the Missoula County School Board.

Gehl described his reaction when he first read the “no confidence” letter.

“I was on a business trip last week and heard this and it was like, what bad leadership did these superintendents show?” Gehl said. “It was a complete lack of professionalism on their part, and that really pissed me off. I’m sitting here thinking if I was working for a company that you can think of from your own station, or if I’m even a manager at Albertsons, or even a store clerk at Town Pump for any other company, and i went out and wrote such a public letter, i would probably consider being fired.

The KGVO spoke to Arntzen about the letter and she said none of the signatories had ever called or contacted her about the issues raised in the letter, which Gehl agreed to.

“As Elsie has stated, and her staff have stated, these issues have never come to light with them,” he said. “It was a total lack of professionalism. This is not the way to do business in Montana. It’s not Montana style. This is not the way our people react. When we have a problem with each other, we discuss those problems, we fix them. It was an obviously orchestrated attack on an elected official in whom I have great confidence and who, I think, is doing a good job.

Jim Riley is a trustee for the Smith Valley School Board in District 89. Riley referred to several controversial issues for parents of students that he says Arntzen fought to oppose.

“You know, one of the things Elsie has stood for, the vast majority in my community, is that we don’t want critical race theory in our schools,” Riley said. “We want parents to be involved. And we want to have “mask optional” choices, not mask mandates. Elsie supports these three things and in my community this is not a partisan agreement, it is what we feel as Conservatives and this is what people voted for. Overwhelmingly, 70% of the state’s voters elected the ruling Tories. So you can call it liberal versus conservative, but what I call it are Montana values ​​and trying to maintain our way of life here. “

Riley described his first meeting with Superintendent Arntzen.

“I met her in June at a public event,” he said. “I had never seen or met her before in my life. She gave me her cell phone number and said, “Jim, please contact me if you need anything. I have developed a relationship with Elsie over the past five months. I have used this number a dozen times and she replied by text, email or phone to help me with my job. And I can’t expect anything less from her when it comes to the superintendent and what they asked her, and so to me when I look at this it looks a lot more like a political move than a non-performance, and I dispute that.

In part, the letter of support expresses support for Arntzen’s position on topics such as teaching critical race theory and gender issues.

You have helped parents resist the Superintendent’s forced masking programs and fairness policies. You’ve helped parents display and ban pedophile grooming materials like Gender Queer and Lawn Boy. You brought to the attention of the Montana Attorney General the concerns of parents about racist critical racial theory programs, which said the hateful material and messages violate Montana human rights law. Despite the hatred of the left, you have taken on these burdens on behalf of the vast majority of parents in Montana who oppose the radical agenda of the school bureaucrats. Montana has rarely seen a more effective advocate for parents and students.

CHECK IT OUT: The best county to live in for every state

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Is it harder to maintain a marriage in the Pacific Northwest Tue, 14 Dec 2021 22:31:40 +0000

Happy forever. It is the promise, the dream of the princess. The Bridal Show arrives in a few months where planning continues as the bride and groom believe they’ve found this one, and are ready to build a life and grow old together. We even promise “until death do us part” in our “I do” vows, don’t we. But is not it?

Statistics don’t look good for American marriage longevity

Then reality sets in and some couples fail. Many fail to do so. According to an online family law firm, nearly 50 percent of all marriages in the United States will end in divorce or separation. It is estimated that 41% of all first marriages will end in divorce, 60% of second marriages will follow suit, and 73% of all third marriages will also end in divorce.

So how do couples rank in Washington state? Keep reading.

There are a lot of reasons and contributing factors, but does geography or political ideology play a role in which people stay together and which people go their separate ways?

How fair are marriages state by state

Interesting thought … Coventry Direct set out to find out which states have the most couples aging together. They analyzed census data on the number of separated, divorced and married men and women, aged 55 and over, in each US state.

Americans across the country look forward to a lifetime of memories, swings, grandchildren, and retirement adventures, but it seems like there is a better chance of getting that great lasting love in the big ones. plains of America’s conservative heartland. The study shows that half of the states with high percentages of married seniors are in Central America – North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa and Minnesota (libs live in the Twin Cities ) – where family and personal relationships are an important part of the more traditional values ​​of the region.

The best, the worst, the Pacific Northwest

You can probably guess which states are the first and last in the durability of marriage. Utah leads the country in marriages remaining intact at 68.57%. Nevada, with its Elvis Chapels and other quick and whimsical wedding venues, brings up the rear where more than one in five people over the age of 55 are separated or divorced.

What about Washington and its sister Oregon? They are the first two to be green, and Business Insider ranks Washington # 7 and Oregon # 3 as the most liberal. Would that indicate a greater propensity to rank high on the list? Surprise! We are in the top ten on the list of most divorced and separated over 55, Washington in 8th place and Oregon in 3rd!

Draw your own conclusions … but if mum and dad are still together after 55 years in Washington, consider it a victory!

CHECK IT OUT: The best county to live in for every state

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